India and the world
After independence, Congress, deeply influenced by Nehru’s views, defined the principles of India’s foreign policy as the promotion of world peace, the freedom of all nations, racial equality and the ending of imperialism and colonialism. In 1949 India convened a conference which was attended by representatives of fifteen Afro-Asian powers, to discuss Indonesian independence. In 1959 the Tibetans rebelled against Chinese rule. The revolt was ruthlessly repressed and many Tibetans made the hazardous journey across the Himalayas to seek sanctuary in India. The Indians did badly in the fighting and by the middle of November 1962 had lost Ladakh and parts of the North-East Frontier Agency. The Indian government has made great efforts to make the Kashmiris happy. The Indian part of Kashmir has much more self-government than any other Indian state. Some problems have been settled between India and Pakistan.