chapter  Chapter 11
27 Pages

The social dimension

WithL.S. Hearnshaw

It is broadly true that, with few exceptions, prior to the end of the nineteenth century the psychologies of the philosophers and the early scientific psychologists were psychologies of the individual mind and that they ignored the social dimension of human nature, or regarded it as merely derivative. Aristotle, of course, had recognized the political or, as we should rather say, the social make-up of man. He asserted,

Man is by nature a political animal. The state is by nature clearly prior to the family and the individual, since the whole is of necessity prior to the part. . . . The proof that the state is a creation of nature and prior to the individual is that the individual, when isolated, is not self-sufficing; and, therefore, he is like a part in relation to the whole. 1