The philosophical renaissance
The philosophical renaissance of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries was the direct outcome of the breakdown of the Aristotelian system and the revolutionary findings of the new physics. The rejection of the scholastic philosophy involved a corresponding rejection of scholastic psychology. So the philosophers of the period had to reconstruct psychology as part of their reconstruction of philosophy, and all were deeply concerned with problems crucial to the subsequent development of a science of mind. They raised new questions, proposed new answers, and were responsible for some of the controversies which have troubled psychologists ever since. In the disagreements of Hobbes and Descartes, or of Locke and Leibniz, we can trace the seeds of at least some contemporary disagreements.