Knowledge and perceptions of the Islamist movements in Malaysia towards the Arab Uprisings
This chapter examines the awareness and perceptions of selected Islamist movements in Malaysia – the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS), the Muslim Youth Movement of Malaysia (ABIM), the Malaysian Muslim Solidarity Front (ISMA) and the National Trust Party (AMANAH) – towards the Arab Uprisings phenomenon. It is based on the empirical findings of a questionnaire-based survey that was conducted in Malaysia, with 643 respondents, primarily from among the members of the named movements. The survey involved a Likert-scale type of questionnaire, which was composed of 18 main questions/statements relating to the basic facts about the Arab Uprisings, Islamism and political Islamic issues and the role of Islamist movements. Respondents were provided with five selections for their answers: strongly agree, agree, neutral/neither disagree nor agree, disagree and strongly disagree. The questions/statements were developed based on established typologies and scholars’ definitions of the Arab Uprisings as well as on intensive reviews of the factors that contributed to the 2011 Arab Uprisings and the Islamist debates.