chapter  6
4 Pages


WithSangwani Patrick Ng’ambi, Kangwa-Musole George Chisanga

This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the concepts covered in the preceding chapters of this book. The book provides a general overview of the international standards relating to investment protection. It examines political risk and the ways in which investors choose to protect themselves, especially through stabilization clauses. The book discusses the impact of stabilization clauses on human rights. The aim of stabilization clauses is to immunize investors from the non-commercial risks associated with foreign direct investment. The book also discusses the effect of stabilization clauses on the Zambian government’s ability to enhance gender equity and equality laws within Zambia. It was noted that the process of fostering foreign direct investment in the Zambian mining industry is processed through development agreements. Such agreements set out the rights and obligations of the State and the investor.