The standard work of Herodicus, now lost, is his lexical compilation . This was a sort of reference list of all those who were mentioned in the plays of the old and middle comedy. Plutarch tells us how necessary these dictionaries were for the student of the ancient literature 1 : just as at great banquets every guest has a cupbearer of his own, so everybody needs a grammarian to explain . Steinhausen, who introduces his dissertation 2 with this quotation, has at length dealt with the matter and there is not much to add to his excellent work. Owing to the nature of the material, which makes it impossible to state if the information comes from Herodicus, Ammonius, or Aristarchus, only those fragments where, the author is expressly quoted, can be assigned to a certain work. The sure fragments of the are the following three.
ATHENAEVS 586 A = HARPOCRATIO s. v..
126ATHENAEVS 591 C.
4 non recte Madvig; composuerat Herodicus Phrynen, quae et Sestos, cum Sinopa, quae et Abydos uocatur.
ATHENAEVS 234 D. (Similiter Suidas s. v.)
As Steinhausen conjectured, the sixth book contained a list of the hetaeras, and probably the whole stock in Athenaeus from ch. XIII 50 p. 586 onwards is a compilation based on the work of Herodicus.
The schol. in Vesp. 1239 refers to , and since the conjecture of Dobree it has been supposed that we ought to read . Susemihl preferred to read , and Steinhausen shows that this is the only possible solution.
There are two small fragments from another work of Herodicus, the
ATHENAEVS 340 E.
Cfr Ath. 100 D, 104 D, 339 F, 614 D.
SCHOL. in RAN. 1028 de Aeschyli Persis.