This chapter attempts to elaborate on the first question, which is of utmost importance for technological laggards who are seeking to decrease their backwardness using, inter alia, a direct importation of foreign developed technology. A principal feature of development approach is a generally positive stance with respect to the application of foreign technology to national technological development, implying its positive impact on both national technological buildup as well as the resultant national economic progress. A particularly interesting aspect of W. Brzost, analysis relates to the impact of imported technology on national technological progress. Remaining basically within the technology gap framework, he elaborates a model of economic resonance to explain the relationships between foreign technology and domestic technological growth. A separate line of theoretical debate on the relationship between technology import and national technological development is concerned with the issue of the socialist countries of Eastern Europe.