CMEA countries have always considered foreign technology as secondary to the local technological effort, although its role has fluctuated considerably over time. It should also be pointed out that throughout the entire post-war period the technology import politics of the socialist countries were clearly intra-CMEA oriented and the bulk of the technology import of individual CMEA countries originated from within this grouping. The principal carriers of Western technology to the CMEA region throughout the 1970s and beginning of the 1980s were capital goods and technology - related intermediate inputs. The total value imported to CMEA increased from ca. $ 19 billion in 1975 to $ 26 billion in 1980, to decline thereafter to $ 22 billion in 1983. East-West industrial cooperation agreements developed rapidly in the first half of the 1970s, parallel to the expansion of the technology import programs of the CMEA countries.