Academic interest in problems of social and political change in the Third World coincided with post-World War II US foreign policy. The deconstruction of Political Development theories and interpretations involves not only the defining of foreign policy but also the identification of a normative view of domestic policy. Interpretations of politics and society that were codified in Political Development theories were the product of a particular vision of American society. The viability of conventional interpretations of Political Development rests on their congruence with foreign policy and, on a different level, with prevailing interpretation of political change and political order. For many conventional students of political change modern literature remained outside the scope of legitimate study. Theorists of Political Development included some of the active interpreters of elitist theories of democracy. The chapter also presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in this book.