chapter  3
What Kinds of Participation?
Activities in Irrigation Management
WithNorman Uphoff
Pages 21

This chapter is concerns what users can do to improve irrigation management, on their own or as part of a more complex system of organization that includes agency staff, agency activities are considered mostly in relation to their support of effective user roles. It presents the analytical framework for assessing farmer participation possibilities. The interaction of physical and organizational aspects of irrigation makes it a socio-economic process, exemplified by the three focuses of irrigation activity which are closely linked with one another: Some activities focus on the water, Other activities focus on the structures and still other activities maintain the organization of effort which can manage the structures that control the water. Three focuses correspond to the three factors of production which economists classify as: land, the term used for all natural resources; capital, created from other resources to make them more productive; and labor, covering all human activity.