For many centuries the legend of Prometheus has been the symbol of the penalties of presumptuous ambition. The legend of Prometheus sought to steal the secret of fire from the gods and was punished by being forced to spend the rest of his life chained to a rock. The generation has succeeded in stealing the fire of the gods and it is doomed to live with the horror of its achievement. Any examination of the strategic revolution brought about by nuclear technology must start from a discussion of the increased destructiveness of modern weapons. Nuclear technology has advanced to a point at which weapons of any desired explosive power can be produced. In World War II, the population could get used to the gradually increasing tempo of bombardment, while a thermonuclear weapon would produce all the casualties at once.