Student attitudes and behaviours
This chapter explores the search for pedagogical equilibrium that can arise when teachers attempt to manage student behaviours and attitudes. The student factor constitutes an additional layer of complexity to planning for teaching and learning. Teachers can purposefully plan their teaching to be responsive to the needs of their students; however, this planning ultimately depends on the learners’ willingness and consent to engage. Teachers have a strong desire for students to be motivated and engaged in the learning process, as many teachers perceive these as necessary ingredients for learning. However, encouraging and nurturing these qualities in learners can be challenging. This chapter is structured around three themes where teachers experience challenges to pedagogical equilibrium due to student factors: student interest and motivation; learner consent and engagement; and student behaviour. The chapter draws on representative cases to highlight and unpack the characteristics of each theme.