From Germany to the modern American metropolises, 1905–1927
This chapter explores the lasting influences from Klumb’s early life in Cologne, Germany and his first immigrant experiences in the United States. Two key aspects emerge. One is Klumb’s criticisms of several of the prevailing modern architectural trends in Europe and the United States in the 1920s and 1930s (for example, the Bauhaus, Le Corbusier, Adolf Loos, and the International Style). The other is Klumb’s views on unchecked urbanism. These views had their origins in Klumb’s travels around the United States before he contacted and then worked with Frank Lloyd Wright beginning in 1929.