The chapter drives home the stark realisation that the inherited economic dualism has continued to exhibit its adverse consequences for the standards of living of the majority of the people long after the end of colonial rule. The basic proposition is that destroying economic dualism, lies in the merging of the different socio-economic sectors, the levelling of the factor markets and the integration of rural agriculture and the informal sector into the modern industrialising and service economy. The chapter stresses that to effectively deal with economic dualism, there is need for a strong, effective and competent state which enforces its national laws strictly and fairly, while relentlessly upholding the rule of law. In other words, it is trite to expect a nation to grow economically without the help of the state, as markets depend at a minimum on government institutions to enforce property rights and contracts. Consequently, growth will not spread prosperity such that the ‘Zimbabwe’s communal areas’ begin to speak with the modern sector of the economy on the same terms.