Futurism upheld violence as good in itself, the value of war as a hygienic purge, the beauty of machinery, the glories of the “dangerous life” blind patriotism, and the enthusiastic acceptance of modern civilization. The Futurists were the first group of painters to embrace the modern world of machinery as an essential part of their program. The technical program of Futurist painting was elaborate but logical. The Futurists applied the device of simultaneity not to static but to kinetic and dynamic analysis. Umberto Boccioni’s manifesto of April 1912 on Futurist sculpture is of extraordinary interest. Futurist methods of propaganda were imitated all over Europe. Futurism itself was conspicuous in Russia during and just after the War. Boccioni was killed in the War; Severini paints clever life; and Carra became, with de Chirico, the leader of the “pittura metafisica” 1915.