Of the three major topics in this volume-girls in secondary school, women in higher education, and women’s careers in information technology-the last of these is the one least covered by the research literature. Some of the research about women’s participation in computer science may inform us about information technology, but IT, while including computer skills, is broader than computer science. In addition, the explosion of technology jobs has implications for inclusion of women in the IT workforce. As a discipline, computer science has been present in the academy for over fi fty years; information technology, sometimes called information sciences, has a relatively short history. For this reason, it was thought that women would have an easier time entering and staying in this new fi eld.