chapter  10
FRACTURES AND DISORDERS OF THE SKULL AND MANDIBLE
Pages 18

DIAGNOSIS Radiography is helpful to identify fractures caudal to the molar teeth that cannot be seen on oral examination. To evaluate the mandible and temporomandibular joints, a lateral view, a dorsoventral view, and, if necessary, left and right 20° oblique lateral views should be obtained (245). The zygomatic arches, maxilla, and cranium should also be evaluated for fractures.