chapter  11
12 Pages

Tools for Environmental Analysis, Evaluation and Management

Environmental management aims at rationally dealing with man’s interaction with the environment-mainly with the decrease of the environmental impact that human activity entails. Its goal is not simply the protection and preservation of the environment but the optimal utilization of its structure and functioning for the benefit of humanity. Environmental management presupposes the recognition of the dynamic function of ecosystems; it includes the organization of regulations so that the preservation of their important characteristics may be achieved and also the modification of their structure and function may be under scientific and social control. The regulations pertain to the physical, chemical, biological, geological, aesthetic etc. components of the environment, both biotic and abiotic, as well as their relationships with the social, cultural and economic environment of man. Many different environmental management tools are available.