chapter  7
Chapter 7Treatment of Refinery Wastewater Using Membrane Processes
Pages 12

The occurrence of oil-containing wastewater and the corresponding contamination of water sources by oil began with the production and utilization of petroleum and its products. Before the introduction of the wastewater treatment and reuse schemes, it was a common practice to discharge the wastes into water bodies or bare surfaces. However, strict regulations, increased hauling costs, and environmental concerns made oily wastewater treatment a prominent issue for most industries.