Chapter 1New Materials, New Devices, New Solutions: How to Prepare a Membrane
Nowadays, polymeric membranes have been used successfully in a wide range of large-scale industrial applications. The use of membranes in industry is primary the result of two developments: (1) in membrane materials and (2) in membrane structures, both followed by the step of large-scale membrane production. The selection of a suited material and a preparation technique depends on the application in which the membrane is to be used (e.g., gas separation, microfiltration (MF), ultrafiltration (UF), nanofiltration (NF), and reverse osmosis (RO)). In this chapter, a review of up-to-date literature about preparation of polymeric membranes from new materials for different membrane applications by means of phase inversion process is given.