24 Pages

Perspectives of Bell Pepper Breeding

Vegetables play an important role in the human diet by supplying plentiful nutrients and provide good returns to the farming community. The genus Cap­ sicum is used as a food condiment and medicine and also aesthetically as an ornamental crop in the garden among flowers. Growing vegetables commer­ cially or in the home garden provides enjoyment, satisfaction, and fulfils many of our needs. Their vitamins and minerals provide nutritional security besides generating self-employment to some extent. Solanaceous vegetables contrib­ ute greatly to total vegetable production (Kalloo, 1996). Worldwide, chilli is grown in the largest area followed by tomato, eggplant, and bell pepper.