chapter  1
40 Pages

Introduction to fabric structure

Fabric structure and design is a part of weaving which deals with production of fabric on an equipment called loom. Fabric structure deals with the construction of fabric (material data and manufacturing data) based on the specific end use. To understand fabric structure, it is necessary to consider certain aspects related to weaving or fabric formation. Weaving is a process in which the cloth or fabric is produced on loom. Each loom is specified in terms of reed space expressed in inches or centimetres and is related to width of fabric to be produced or under consideration. In other words, particular loom equipment is selected based on the nature of fabric to be produced with respect to width, category, nature, type of warp and weft, etc.