Chapter 1 provided the background, context of the study, research problem
and objectives. An overview of solid waste management approach and the
institutional arrangements (policy, legal and roles of institutions) for the
solid waste sector in Ghana were provided in chapter 2. This chapter pro-
vides the reasons for private sector involvement in solid waste collection as
well as the theoretical perspectives of market mechanisms and frameworks
for understanding the factors explaining private sector performance in solid
waste collection in the developed and developing countries.