chapter  5
Evolving Practices of Involving Private Sector and Households in Service Provision
Pages 56

Chapter 2 reviewed the local context of legal, policy and regulatory

frameworks and the historical developments of public and private provi-

sion of solid waste management. It was identified that the local govern-

ments (as called Assemblies in Ghana) have full constitutional responsibil-

ity for the management of solid-waste collection and disposal. However,

the central government appoints chief executives to run local governments

and therefore the chief executives may not have the free hand to manage

solid waste, implement policies, and enforce legislation on solid waste due

to politics. In addition, the central government controls the Assemblies

through the Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development

(MLGRD). The MLGRD formulates solid waste policies; oversees the role

of the local governments; approves subsidies for provision of solid waste

services; monitors the activities of local governments; approves the by-

laws, budget allocation, and proposals to increase existing taxes; and

passes directives as determined by state legislation. These controls may

pose problems for involving the private sector and households in solid

waste service provision and therefore service delivery may not be sustain-

able. It is believed that the central-local government relationship has impli-

cations for the governance of solid waste collection in the cities.