chapter  1
Evolving Management of Urban Solid Waste Services
Pages 20

Many Developing Countries are still struggling with solid waste collection

and management (Wilson, 2007), and Ghana is no exception. Solid Waste

is waste generated and discarded as useless or unwanted from activities in

homes, institutions, public and commercial places, and industries, though it

is also a resource for reuse, recycle, and recovery (Tchobanoglous et al.,

1993). Solid waste collection in developing countries, especially in Africa,

is a real challenge to the public sector. Given the level of investment, the

running cost of solid waste management, and the competing priorities (wa-

ter, health, education, roads, and energy) of national governments, the pub-

lic sector alone could not deliver the solid waste services. The private sec-

tor is partnering with the public sector to provide the needed resources for

the solid waste service delivery. But for this arrangement to have impact

on total service coverage and environmental cleanliness, it will depend on

the formal rules and enabling environment (policies, legal and regulation)

created and maintained by the local and central governments to provide the

needed incentives for more investment, improved service quality, and

regular price adjustment (OECD, 2000).