Thermal characterization of the interaction of silanes with a dihydroxy vulcanized fluoroelastomer
Abstract-The reactivity of aminosilane and vinylsilane with a dihydroxy (Bisphenol AF) crosslinkable fluoroelastomer containing only vinylidene fluoride (VF2) and hexafluoropropylene (HFP) was monitored using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The DSC results showed that the introduction of an aminosilane, or a combination of aminosilane and vinylsilane solutions, to the cure system of the fluoroelastomer resulted in a peak shift. This shift indicates that cross-linking in fluoroelastomer-silane system occurs at a lower temperature when aminosilane is present. Results also confirm that the organofunctional group on the silane reacts with the elastomer. XPS analysis of the silane-coated fluoroelastomer heated at 120, 160 and 200°C reveals that dehydrofluorination of the polymer is one of the steps in the reaction. It is our hypothesis that the amine group on the aminosilane is a contributor to the dehydrofluorination of the fluoroelastomer.