chapter  5
Ancient Greece—Pergamum
Pages 2

Pergamon, now called Bergama and located in western Turkey, represented an ebullient cultural and business center in early Christian times. Pergamon, Ephesus, Antioch (in Turkey), and Carthage (in Tunisia) constituted a unique group of cities o f more than 250,000 inhabitants. They were surpassed by Alexandria in Egypt with 700,000 people and Rome with nearly 500,000 citizens.1 Athens, the uniquely developed city state, had a population of less than 200,000 at this point.