chapter  18
Evaluation of Biopolymers as Iron Oxide (Rust) Dispersants for Industrial Water Systems
Pages 14

Water available for domestic and industrial applications is not pure and normally contains many impurities. These impurities are generally categorized in ve broad classes: (1) dissolved inorganic compounds (i.e., bicarbonates, carbonates, uorides, sulfate, phosphates of calcium, magnesium, strontium and barium, and small amounts of aluminum, copper, iron, manganese, zinc, and other substances), (2) dissolved gases (i.e., carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulde, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur dioxide, and

18.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 339 18.2 Experimental ................................................................................................ 342

18.2.1 Materials ........................................................................................... 342 18.2.2 Iron Oxide Dispersion Protocol ........................................................ 343

18.3 Results and Discussion ................................................................................. 343 18.3.1 Dispersant Performance ................................................................... 343 18.3.2 Biopolymers ......................................................................................344