- Cognitive Impairment
Common forms of literacy impairment include dysgraphia, dysnomia, dyspraxia, and dyslexia. Dysgraphia causes difficulty writing quickly and legibly. Dysnomia is characterized by difficulty remembering words. Dyspraxia results in difficulty performing fine motor movements, like writing or typing . Dyslexia causes visual distortions, resulting in problems with visual memory, keeping track of one’s position in a document, and letter confusions and reversals . As a result, people with dyslexia can experience difficulty with reading, writing, spelling, listening, speaking, and math . Dyslexia can also lead to difficulties executing sequences of actions .