chapter  17
20 Pages

Apple Nutraceuticals and the Effects of Processing, and Their Therapeutic Applications

Apples are one of the most commonly consumed fruits and are the prime source of flavonoids in the Western diet (Biedrzycka et al. 2008). Furthermore, when compared with other commonly consumed fruits, apples are ranked highest for their

CONTENTS

17.1 Introduction ................................................................................................. 435 17.2 Apple Polyphenols....................................................................................... 436 17.3 Factors Affecting Polyphenol Levels .......................................................... 436 17.4 Harvesting and Storage ............................................................................... 438 17.5 Processing ................................................................................................... 439 17.6 Quality Control ........................................................................................... 441 17.7 Pharmacokinetics ........................................................................................ 441 17.8 Antioxidant Activities of Apple Polyphenols ..............................................442 17.9 Roles of Apple Polyphenols in Cardiovascular Disease ............................. 443 17.10 Roles of Apple Polyphenols in Cancer ........................................................444