chapter  1
14 Pages

Introduction and Overview

New and stricter government regulations on end-of-life (EOL) product treatment and increasing public awareness toward environmental issues have forced many manufacturers to establish speci€c facilities for remanufacturing operations. There are 70,000 remanufacturing companies in the United States creating $53 billions per year income, and nearly half million people are employed by these €rms. It must be noted that these estimates do not include the remanufacturing activities of US Department of Defense, which frequently remanufactures various military equipment (Lund, 1998; Bras, 2007).