Protein, Resistance Training, and Women
According to the Joint Position Statement on Nutrition and Athletic Performance recently published by the American Dietetic Association, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine (2009), “protein metabolism during and after exercise is affected by sex, age, intensity, duration, and type of exercise, energy intake, and carbohydrate availability” (p. 714). However, the majority of research studies have been conducted on men, with assumptions in many cases that the same recommendations apply to women. The majority of the limited body of knowledge that has been demonstrated on women has been collected only on aerobic exercise or with nonresistance-trained subjects. Hormonal changes that women experience during the menstrual cycle, times of menstrual dysfunction, and with menopause alter protein metabolism even further. It is the intent of this review to highlight some of the recent ƒndings in the areas of women, protein, and exercise.