chapter  18
18 Pages

Nutrition in Kidney Transplantation

The ”eld of transplantation has progressed dramatically over the past 60 years. The very ”rst attempt at kidney transplantation between humans took place in 1936 when a Russian surgeon, Yuri Voronoy, transplanted a kidney from a deceased donor to a uremic patient. Unfortunately, the graft did not produce any urine and the recipient lived only 2 days. Many other attempts at human kidney transplantation followed. The ”rst successful kidney transplant was performed in 1954 at

18.1 Introduction: History and Statistics ....................................................................................245 18.2 Living Kidney Donation and Donor Assessment ...............................................................246 18.3 Diseases Leading to Stage 5 CKD Requiring Transplantation ..........................................246 18.4 Kidney Transplant Evaluation Process ...............................................................................248 18.5 Nutrition Assessment: Pretransplant ..................................................................................249 18.6 Nutrition Assessment: Posttransplant .................................................................................250