chapter  29
16 Pages

Attention Decit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention decit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common behavioral disorder in children, affecting approximately four to ve million children in the United States and with prevalence increasing over the last 10 years [1]. Behavioral measures and pharmacotherapy are the cornerstones of medical management of ADHD, with stimulant drugs the mainstay of treatment for more than 60 years. Newer, nonstimulant medications have also shown benet in ameliorating symptoms of ADHD and comorbid disorders. However, with approximately 65% to 70% of patients reporting medication side effects [2,3] and up to 30% of children who may not respond to medication [4], many families and physicians alike look to diet and nutrient interventions as an adjunct in long-term management of the disorder [5].