chapter  22
6 Pages

Balloon Reduction and Grafting of Distal Radius Fractures

The concept of “cementing” fractures became a reality with the

development of polymethylmethacrylate bone cement in the

1960s (1). Schmalholz in 1988 described the use of polymethyl-

methacrylate in the management of distal radius fractures (2).

This approach has been further supported by several other

investigators (3-5). By the same token, problems with poly-

methylmethacrylate have limited its application. These

difficulties include its curing with an exothermic reaction, its

inability to be incorporated with the host bone, and its require-

ment for wide exposure of the fracture site.