chapter
4 Pages

Part I: Introduction

Anatomic structures in the hand and wrist lie in close proximity

to each other and are critical for precise functioning of the upper

extremity. Therefore, minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in this

region of the body is of particular interest because of the desire

to restore hand function as quickly as possible after a surgical

procedure. Oftentimes, the pain, discomfort, and other

morbidity associated with surgery are due to the surgical

dissection to access the area of interest rather than from the

procedure itself. As such, decreased surgical trauma and tissue

disruption will lead to decreased postoperative pain and

swelling, shorter recovery period, and a faster return to activi-

ties of daily living. These advantages not only benefit patients,

but also the health care system because most procedures can be

done on an outpatient basis; and when required, hospital stays

are usually shorter than those for traditional open procedures.