chapter  13
16 Pages

Fisheries-Related Mortality and Turtle Excluder Devices (TEDs)

Sea turtles are subject to human-induced mortality during all life stages. On land, nesting females, incubating eggs, and emerging hatchlings may be impacted. The impact may be incidental, such as by disorientation by lights and disturbance on or of the beach, or it may be intentional by directed harvest of the adults and eggs. Once turtles are in the water, a vast variety of new sources of impact are brought to bear. These include pollution and marine debris, habitat degradation, directed harvest, and incidental capture or entrainment by a variety of sources, including fishing and dredging.