chapter  67
Chronic Stable Angina
Pages 12

Character Angina pectoris typically presents as a retrosternal discomfort in the chest and adjacent areas and can vary from being “constricting,”“crushing,” or “squeezing” in quality to mild and pressure-like with occasional associated numbing or burning sensation. It often radiates down the ulnar surface of the left arm, but radiation can also occur on outer surfaces of both arms. Belching or epigastric discomfort in conjunction with chest pain is not uncommon.Other associated symptoms such as dyspnea, fatigue, and syncope are particularly common in the elderly.