chapter
2 Pages

Q

Complex of methods for determining certain quantitative

microstructural

parameters, e.g., the

mean size

and the shape of

grains,

grain size distribution

, volume fraction of

disperse particles

and other

microconstituents

, interparticle spacing, etc. Since the

metallographic samples

are opaque, all these data relate to two-dimensional sections of a three-dimensional

structure

. Thus, they are to be converted into three-dimensional parameters using image analysis. Conversion methods are given in quantitative metallography that is also referred to as stereology.