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EAR See Estimated Average Requirement Eating disorders are among the most concerning psychological disorders

that affect athletes, particularly young women. An eating disorder may be defined as a persistent disturbance of eating behavior intended to control weight that significantly impairs physical and psychological functioning.200 Eating disorders include anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and other disordered eating behaviors that include weight control behaviors as well as subclinical eating disorders.201 Subclinical eating disorders or disordered eating behaviors include symptoms of eating disorders and serious body weight concerns, but fail to reach the strict diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) criteria.202 A position stand by the American College of Sports Medicine defined disordered eating behaviors as “A wide spectrum of harmful and often ineffective eating behaviors used in attempts to lose weight or achieve a lean appearance. The spectrum of behaviors ranges in severity from restricting food intake to binge and purging, to the DSM-IV defined disorders of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.”203 The DSM-IV reports that at least 90% of individuals suffering from eating disorders are women; while males represent less than 10% of all cases.