L.) is derived from the Greek words
, meaning “sun,” and
, meaning “ﬂower.” The Spanish name for sunﬂower,
, and the French name,
, literally mean “turn with the sun,” a trait exhibited by sunﬂower until anthesis, after which the capitula (heads) face east (Fick, 1989). Sunﬂower is a relatively new crop among the world ﬁeld crops and is unique in several aspects. It is one of a few crops that have their origin in North America. Sunﬂower is further unique in that it has been bred for distinctly different uses: as an oilseed crop, edible confection, birdseed, and, to a much lesser extent, an ornamental for home gardens and the cut-ﬂower industry. It is grown as an oilseed crop worldwide in temperate and subtropical climates.