chapter  3
66 Pages

Computational Intelligence Techniques

We have always held a fascination for the mechanisms of learning ever since the time of the Greeks and the great Aristotle (400 BC) himself. In fact, Aristotle was the first to propose that memory was composed of individual elements linked by different mechanisms (Medler, 1998). His ideas later formed the philosophy of connectionism, a study devoted to the connectionist model, which grew richer from further ideas from different schools of thought. There were contributions from philosophers such as Descartes, psychologists such as Spencer (Spencer’s connexions), James (James associative memory), and Thorndike (Thorndike’s connectionism), and even neuropsychological influences from Lashley and Hebb (Hebbian learning) (Pollack, 1989; Medler, 1998).