chapter  2
30 Pages

Fate and Transport of Explosives in the Environment: A Chemist's View

Manufacturing, training, open burning or detonation (OB/OD), and improper disposal in landlls and sea dumps have led to the contamination of both terrestrial and marine environments [10 –13]. In the United States more than 2000 sites have been identied as potentially contaminated by energetic chemicals [14], and in Canada approximately 100 OB/OD and training sites are known to be associated with activities involving RDX, HMX, and TNT [15]. The degree of contamination at these sites is extremely varied, and the spatial contamination distribution is often highly heterogeneous [13,16,17].