chapter  21
6 Pages

Bionanotechnology.for.Bioanalysis

Bionanotechnology.is.defined.by.science’s.growing.ability.to.work.at.the.molecular.level,.atom.by. atom,.combining.biological.materials.and.the.rules.of.physics,.chemistry,.and.genetics.to.create.tiny. synthetic.structures..The.end.result.of.bionanotechnology.is.to.create.a.highly.functional.system.of. biosensors,.electronic.circuits,.nanosized.microchips,.molecular.“switches,”.and.even.tissue.analogs. for.growing.skin,.bones,.muscle,.and.other.organs.of.the.body-all.accomplished.in.ways.that.allow. these. structures. to. assemble. themselves,. molecule. by. molecule.. On. the. other. side,. medical. and. biotechnological.advances.in.the.area.of.disease.diagnosis.and.treatment.are.dependent.on.an.indepth.understanding.of.biochemical.processes..Diseases.can.be.identified.based.on.anomalies.at.the. molecular.level,.and.treatments.are.designed.based.on.activities.in.such.low.dimensions..Although. a.multitude.of.methods.for.disease.identification.as.well.as.treatment.already.exists,. it.would.be. ideal. to.use.research.tools.with.dimensions.close. to. the.molecular. level. to.better.understand.the. mechanisms. involved. in. the. processes.. These. tools. can. be. nanoparticles. (NPs),. nanoprobes,. or. other.nanomaterials,.all.of.which.exist.in.ultrasmall.dimensions.and.can.be.designed.to.interrogate. a.biochemical.process.of.interest.