Models of Exposure to Pesticides
This chapter is devoted to the exploration of models of exposure to pesticides, their complexities, and their emergence after the passing of the Food Quality Protection Act of 1996. A discussion begins with a basic component of exposure models — human activity patterns — and establishes a foundation for understanding the many models that have been proposed for estimating exposure. The quantification of dietary ingestion, nondietary ingestion, and dermal exposure is surveyed. Several exposure models are explored in terms of inputs, modeling objectives, and methods. The chapter ends with a number of other issues important in modeling exposure to pesticides. These
issues include temporal and spatial variability, dose estimates, the co-occurrence of contaminants, and the use of literature data for model inputs.