Effects of Chronic Stress on Wildlife Populations: A Population Modeling Approach and Case Study
As a society, we have made commitments to preserve environmental quality, not only for its direct value to humans, but also to support aquatic and other wildlife species. These commitments have become legal mandates in the form of legislation
such as the Clean Water Act. In the most general sense, adverse effects on wildlife species caused by human activities, or anthropogenic stress, result in changes to their densities and distributions. Although such changes can be measured at varying levels of biological organization, populations have been defined as a valued unit for wildlife protection and management.