chapter  1
28 Pages


Four centuries ago, Newton and other scientists introduced the idea of determin-

ism in the mathematical representation of the real world. As a result, future events

in nature could be explained using knowledge of the past. The movements of stel-

lar bodies were assumed to follow predetermined paths according to laws that were

known or had to be discovered by the scientific community. The theory of deter-

minism also had theoretical support from philosophy and other scientific fields. It

would be difficult to say that determinism, as a general idea, can solve all problems

in nature. The scientists of the last few centuries followed this theory in order to

find rational routes in the construction of models. It was essential to simplify our

description of the world first, and only then to solve fundamental problems, instead

of entering into obscure paths of uncertainty and later on Chaos.