chapter  10
18 Pages

Fundamentals of and Requirements for Solar Cells and Photovoltaic Textiles

A solar cell is an energy generator that converts solar energy to electrical energy. Obviously, solar energy can also produce heat, so-called thermal energy, when photons (particles of light) strike the atoms that make up substances such as a human body, soil, buildings, water, and so on. That is, solar energy can produce electrical energy or thermal energy depending on the power generating substance we choose (i.e., electricity or heat). A solar cell is also called a photovoltaic cell since it produces

10.1 Solar Cells .....................................................................................................249 10.1.1 Development of Solar Cell ................................................................250 10.1.2 Solar Spectrum ................................................................................. 251 10.1.3 Trend of the Solar Cell Structure and Its Conversion Efficiency ..... 252 10.1.4 Solar Cell Basics ...............................................................................254 10.1.5 Factors to Improve Solar Cell Performance ..................................... 258

10.1.5.1 Carrier Lifetime ................................................................. 259 10.1.5.2 Metal Contact ..................................................................... 259 10.1.5.3 Anti-Reflectance Coating ...................................................260