chapter  5
20 Pages

Integration of Plastic Optical Fiber into Textile Structures

One of the noticeable trends in textile industries is to integrate electronic wires or optical fibers (OFs), which can transmit electric or optical signals, into the textile

5.1 Introduction ................................................................................................... 115 5.2 Basics of POFs .............................................................................................. 117

5.2.1 POF as a Signal Transmitting Medium ............................................. 117 5.2.1.1 Structure and Materials ...................................................... 117 5.2.1.2 Attenuation and Bandwidth ............................................... 118 5.2.1.3 Mechanical/Physical Properties ......................................... 119

5.2.2 POF as Illuminating Medium ........................................................... 120 5.2.2.1 Mechanical Damaging of the Core-Cladding Interface ..... 121 5.2.2.2 Fiber Bending pf the Fiber Axis ........................................ 122

5.2.3 Key Components of the POF Optical Links ..................................... 122 5.3 Integration of POF into Textile Structures .................................................... 123

5.3.1 Weaving and Knitting of POF ........................................................... 123 5.3.1.1 Woven Structure ................................................................. 123 5.3.1.2 Knitted Structure ................................................................ 125 5.3.1.3 Surface Treatment of POF Fabrics ..................................... 126

5.4 Applications for POF-Woven Fabrics ........................................................... 130 5.4.1 Smart Shirts ...................................................................................... 130 5.4.2 Light-Illuminating Textiles ............................................................... 130 5.4.3 Flexible Display ................................................................................ 131 5.4.4 Cure and Health Monitoring ............................................................. 132 5.4.5 Textile Sensors .................................................................................. 132

5.5 Prospects ....................................................................................................... 132 Acknowledgments .................................................................................................. 133 References .............................................................................................................. 133

structure. Such textiles can be used as wearable electronic or optical circuits if electronic or optical devices are coupled to them. They also provide new opportunities based on the development of new technologies to successfully miniaturize and embed electronics, optics, and sensors into fabrics and garments.