chapter  2
26 Pages

A Meaning Processing Approach

Howard Gardner (1985) suggests that the birth of cognitive science happened in the mid-1950s, when psychology began to move away from behaviorist, stimulus-response views that ignored the construct of mind toward a new view that began to frame questions of mind in the context of developing theoretical and technical achievements related to the processing of information. While it is true that the innovations of the 1950s brought mind back into fashion as a topic for psychology, we believe that, consistent with the predictions in the opening quote, the mathematical, ontological, and methodological changes needed for a revolutionary new scienti¤c approach are only gradually being realized. Thus, cognitive science is still in the middle of an ongoing struggle between multiple paradigms.